Careers

A scientist using electronic equipment

Physics is a key part of science and technology; physics is used to solve problems and understand how the world works in every detail at the deepest level.

An understanding of physics helps to solve environmental, social, health and technological challenges. Physics is at the heart of everything, from the tiniest building blocks of all materials up to the largest scales possible: in elementary particles, nuclei, atoms, molecules, macromolecules, living cells, solids, liquids, gases, plasmas, living organisms, the brain, complex systems, supercomputers, the atmosphere, planets, stars, galaxies and the universe itself. 

For careers in engineering and technology physics is essential. In all other careers physics is seen as highly desirable.  

If you decide to become a physicist then in your training you will learn:

  • to work in teams
  • to think logically
  • to design experiments
  • to explain your ideas to others
  • to solve problems and think creatively
  • to understand statistics, risk and error in measurement
  • to use mathematics and computers in real life situations
  • to observe events and ask sensible questions about them

Career case studies

Profiles and interviews with working physicists

Career case studies 



Other IOP websites


Jobs at the Institute of Physics


Jobs for physicists in a wide range of academic and industrial sectors


Your guide to physics on the web